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PIE *g íh3u̯ e/o- ‘live’, u-presents, and the prehistory of the thematic conjugation

Jay H. Jasanoff


Pages 61 - 81

DOI https://doi.org/10.13173/SPR.55.1.061




Comparison of the well-known present *g íh3u̯ e/o- ‘live’ with other verbs of similar structure leaves no doubt that it is a thematized u-present, originally marked by e : zero root ablaut and h2e-conjugation inflection. Forms like Hitt. ḫuišuezzi ‘stays alive’ and Ved. tū́rvati ‘overcomes’ beside mid. tarute show, interestingly, that u-presents were thematized in the active, but not the middle, in undivided PIE. The association of thematization specifically with the active leads to a re-examination of “*bhéreti-type” thematic presents, for which a new explanation is proposed.



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